Solanum mauritianum Scop.. Synonyms. Solanum americanum - Mill. The plant is common in wasteland and roadside in India. Solanum species show a wide range of growing habits, such as annual and perennials, vines, subshrubs, shrubs, and small trees. Solanum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species (butterflies and moths) – see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Solanum. Solanum crispum ex. Subkingdom: Tracheobionta 3. The generic name was first used by Pliny the Elder (AD 23–79) for a plant also known as strychnos, most likely S. nigrum. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. & Leigh, J.H. Flora of Australia. White. Family: Solanaceae | Common name: Solanum dulcamara, bittersweet, bittersweet nightshade, bitter nightshade, Amara Dul This lovely British native is a semi-woody scrambling plant bearing pretty violet flowers which have a pronounced yellow 'beak'. Particular care also needs to be taken where the group concerned contains both edible and poisonous plants as in many of the Solanum species. Solanum pseudogracile is the name typically applied to the more common representatives of this group in Florida. The botanical name of Brihati is Solanum indicum. Ceranthera Raf. Commonly grown in gardens but not known to be naturalised. devil's fig, gully-bean, pea eggplant, platebrush, prickly solanum, shoo-shoo bush, susumber, terongan, Thai eggplant, turkey berry, turkeyberry, wild egg plant The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Solanum diphyllum. Common name i: Tomato: Synonym i: Lycopersicon esculentum: Other names i ›Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Section Lycopersicoides, Section Macronesiotes Branches are numerous, the younger ones clothed with dense stellate tomentum, prickles compressed, straight, yellow, glabrous, shining often exceeding and 1.3 cm long. Common names used for Solanaceae in Australia. Division: Magnoliophyta 5. 1981). Family. Regional variation will account for more common names of species e.g. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Its derivation is uncertain, possibly stemming from the Latin word sol, meaning "sun", referring to its status as a plant of the sun.[3]. Known Hazards. Solanum incanum is a herb or soft wooded shrub up to 1.8 m in height with spines on the stem, stalks and calyces and with velvet hairs on the leaves. It has been reported that paralysis can occur in humans after consuming only 6 berries (OARDC Extension 2006). Common names should always be used with care, but this applies particularly to those names applied to many of the Solanum species where there has been a changed circumscription of many of the Queensland species. Scientific name. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Pheliandra Werderm. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Regional variation will account for more common names of species e.g. Far more subgenera would seem to warrant recognition, with Leptostemonum being the only one that can at present be clearly subdivided into sections. Deadly Nightshade = Atropa belladonna - not naturalised in Australia. Triguera Cav. Brunfelsia species are poisonous. Androcera Nutt. Bush Violet = Browallia americana (Spencer 2002), Cut-leaf nightshade = Solanum triflorum (Cunningham et al. Aubergine (Europe) Eggplant (English) Some compilations list Solanum melongena (talong) and Solanum cumingii (talong-talongan) as synonyms. This name is a synonym of Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq.. After this species began to be treated as separate from Solanum americanum, S. ptycanthum was the most common name recognized over the forgotten S. emulans. Solanum surattense. It grows mostly as a weed. Solanum The plant is native to Asia and found in Nepal, Pakistan, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, China, Iran, Yemen, Thailand, Afghanistan and Saudi Arabia. Family. Solanaceae. (but see text). Arid shrubland plants of Western Australia. bug berry, bug tree, bugtree, bugweed, earleaf nightshade, flannel leaf, kerosene plant, tobacco bush, tobacco weed, tree tobacco, wild tobacco, wild tobacco bush, wild tobacco plant, wild tobacco tree, woolly nightshade 1981), Sticky Cape Gooseberry = Physalis viscosa, Sticky Nightshade = Solanum sisymbriifolium, Sturt’s Nightshade = Solanum sturtianum (Jessop & Toelken 1986), Tamarillo = Solanum betaceum (syn. 1981), Pampas Lily of the valley = Salpichroa origanifolia, Pepino = Solanum muricatum. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Preferred Scientific Name. Potato is mainly used as a staple food but also has a number of medicinal values. [7] Many of the subgenera and sections might not be valid; they are used here provisionally as the phylogeny of this genus is not fully resolved yet and many species have not been reevaluated. Espesye sa tanom nga patatas ang Solanum lichtensteinii.Una ning gihulagway ni Carl Ludwig von Willdenow.Ang Solanum lichtensteinii sakop sa kahenera nga Solanum sa kabanay nga Solanaceae. 2015;l Särkinen et al. English: English potato; Irish potato; white potato Common Name: eggplant . Solanum nigrum L. Family Solanaceae. Order: Solanales 8. Solanum aculeatissimum is a spiny, erect, few-branched shrub producing one or few stems from base that grow 0.5 - 2 metres tall. Solanum insanum L. Brinjal (English) Solanum melongena L. Talong (Bik., Tag., Bis., Bon.) [7] Its subdivision has always been problematic, but slowly some sort of consensus is being achieved. Solanum largiflorum CT White (1917) International Common Names. Solanocharis Bitter Scientific Name: Solanum elaeagnifolium Common Names: Silverleaf Nightshade, Purple Nightshade, White Horsenettle, Tomato Weed, Trompillo Plant Characteristics. If used for a particular species, this name usually applies to the, "Purple tomato debuts as 'Indigo Rose' | OSU Extension Service", "Vegetable Cultivar Descriptions for North America | Cucurbit Breeding", "A new species of Solanum named for Jeanne Baret, an overlooked contributor to the history of botany", 10.3417/1055-3177(2006)16[161:SPASCN]2.0.CO;2, Meet the TomTato: Tomatoes and potatoes grown as one – CBS News, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Solanum&oldid=996526963, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from October 2008, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tomato varieties are sometimes bred from both, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 03:28. It is in flower from June to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Common Name: Bitter nightshade. Subclass: Asteridae 7. The black nightshade (S. nigrum) is also generally considered poisonous, but its fully ripened fruit and foliage are cooked and eaten in some areas. Datura wrightii, Kangaroo Apple = Australian species of Solanum subgen. Leaves oblong to lanceolate or narrow-elliptic, 4–10 cm long, 1–3 cm wide, margins entire and slightly undulate; concolorous, green, glabrous, thin; petiole 5–15 cm long. Solanum melongena. Scientific Name. 29 (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra). Below is given taxonomical classification of the plant. Vol. Care needs to be taken as not all Solanum fruits in the area are edible - and some are poisonous. Section Regmandra Branches are spreading on the ground. 1981), Silver Leaf Nightshade = Solanum elaeagnifolium, Slender Tailflower = Anthocercis gracilis, Small-flowered Tobacco = Nicotiana goodspeedii (Cunningham et al. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The following list is a provisional lineup of the genus' traditional subdivisions, together with some notable species. Bush Tomato = Solanum chippendalei (Latz 1981) but also often used for Solanum centrale and other Solanum species eaten by Aboriginal people of Central Australia. Pagka karon wala pay siak nga nalista ubos niini niya. Solanum chenopodioides has been considered a different species and an extremely widespread cosmopolitan weed (Särkinen et al. Ang mga gi basihan niini. Solanaceae. Section Normania Sodom apple, bitter apple poison apple snake apple thorn apple, mutongu (Kikuyu), mtunguja mwitu (Kiswahili), ochok (Luo).. Family. (1994). 1. Common name: Madeira Winter or Jerusalem Cherry. Solanum torvum Sw.. Synonyms. Solanum virginianum Taxonomy ID: 223891 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid223891) current name 2.0 2.1; Gikan sa gawas nga tinubdan Although no specific mention of the leaves being toxic has been seen for this species, it belongs to a genus where many if not all the members have poisonous leaves. Solanum ptycanthum sensu non Dunal (1852) = S. americanum Mill. 1981), Forked Nightshade = Solanum sisymbriifolium, Giant Devil’s Fig = Solanum chrysotrichum, Giant Potato Creeper = Solanum wendlandii (Spencer 2002), Gin’s Whiskers = Solanum inaequilaterum, Solanum semiarmatum, Goosefoot Potato Bush = Solanum chenopodinum (Cunningham et al. : preoccupied) ... Solanum dulcamara has a moderate socio-economic impact in the Great Lakes. Archaesolanum , Solanum aviculare, Solanum laciniatum, Solanum linearifolium, Solanum vescum, Solanum simile, Solanum symonii, Solanum capsiciforme, Leichhardt’s Thornapple = Datura leichhardtii, Long-flowered Tobacco = Nicotiana megalosiphon (Cunningham et al. Solanum rubrum auct. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Subshrub, Herb/Forb Arizona Native Status: Native Habitat: Desert, Upland. General Description of Brinjal. Cliocarpus Miers American Nightshade, American black nightshade. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Media in category "Solanum sisymbriifolium" The following 75 files are in this category, out of 75 total. Parmentiera Raf. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. 1981), Horn of Plenty = Datura metel (Hussey et al. Geological distribution of Solanum Xanthocarpum. Kluse - Solanum sisymbriifolium - Litschitomate 01 ies.jpg 5,616 × 3,744; 15.63 MB Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. Solanum is a wide genus of flowering plants, including nightshades, which are generally poisonous to humans, but also common food crops like tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants. twinleaf nightshade. Excluded names. Cyphomandra Mart. Class: Magnoliopsida 6. The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18) which reports it as a synonym (record 29603736) with … ex Sendtn. 1981), Violet Nightshade = species of Solanum brownii, Water Bush = Lycium australe (Cunningham et al. For further information see Mrs Grieve’s Modern Herbal or the Erowid page with images of plants, flowers and fruits and background information. (1981). Plants and people of the Dampier Peninsula, Kimberley, Western Australia. Section Nycterium Lalitha R. Gowda, in Genetically Modified Organisms in Food, 2016. ;Solanum delagoense Dunal; Solanum lichtensteinii Willd. Common Names. Description: Herb or short-lived perennial shrub, sometimes purple-green, hairy with glandular and simple, non-glandular hairs; prickles absent. The most recent Solanum tuberosum build contains ca. Solanum auriculatum Ait.. Family. Solanum laxum NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Superdivision: Spermatophyta 4. 29 treatment (Purdie et al. 까마중 - Solanum Nigrum, common name: Black Night Shade, for Stomach cancer and Other Digestive disorders Solanaceae. Solanum commersonii Dunal ex Poir. General Description: Common nightshade grows approximately 30-75 cm in height. Description: Shrub to 2 m high, glabrous or sparsely hairy on new growth; prickles absent. Section Solanum. Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is the most cultivated Solanaceae in the world. Lyciosolanum Section Somalanum 1981), Gunyang = Solanum vescum (Cunningham et al. To propagate, take cuttings from summer to early autumn. Solanopsis Bitter & Haegi, L. (1982). Its members are characterized by flowers with five petals, sepals, and stamens and typically bear alternate leaves. Ovaria Fabr. (eds) (1986). Section Croatianum Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Plant Protection Society of Western Australia: Victoria Park). Mitchell, A.A. & Wilcox, D.G. Black Nightshades = species of the Solanum nigrum group, Blue Potato Bush = Lycianthes rantonnetii (Spencer 2002), but see under Solanum rantonnetii, Brazilian Nightshade = Solanum seaforthianum, Brinjal = Solanum melongena (Spencer 2002). Common names used for Solanaceae in Australia. Common Name: Tomato, Garden Tomato: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-12: Known Hazards: All green parts of the plant are poisonous[19 , 76 ]. Species: Solanum indicum Solanaceae. Section Campanulata Section Erythrotrichum, Section Graciliflorum[verification needed] which are not known to be naturalised in Australia. Flora of South Australia. & Toelken, H.R. Grown but not naturalised in Australia. Solanum lycopersicum has some common insect problems: Pests of Tomato Solanum lycopersicum has some common disease problems: Southern Blight of Tomato and Pepper Bacterial Spot of Pepper and Tomato Blossom-End Rot of Tomato, Pepper, and Watermelon Notably, it includes as a major lineage several members of the traditional sections Cyphomandropsis and the old genus Cyphomandra. Kingdom: Plantae 2. Purdie, R.W., Symon, D.E. Solanum bojeri Dunal; Solanum campylacanthum Hochst. Nycterium Vent. 4 (UNSW Press: Sydney). Called the nightshade family or the potato family, Solanaceae has more than 90 genera and nearly 3,000 species distributed throughout the world. Solanum torvum Sw. 1997), Jerusalem Cherry = Solanum pseudocapsicum, Jimson Weed = Datura stramonium, but also used to refer to other Datura species in America as well e.g. Bassovia Aubl. Thus, the genus today contains roughly 1,500–2,000 species. Most parts of the plants, especially the green parts and unripe fruit, are poisonous to humans (although not necessarily to other animals), but many species in the genus bear some edible parts, such as fruits, leaves, or tubers. Origin. Solanum nigrum L. APNI*. A selection of common names applied to species of Solanaceae in Australia. U.S. Weed Information. esculentum ›Lycopersicon lycopersicum ›Lycopersicum esculentum ›Solanum esculentum More » Tolung (Sul.) Brugmansia species are usually woody and with pendulous flowers while Datura species are herbaceous with erect flowers. Section Pugiunculifera Solanum phureja Juz. Scientific Name. Genus: Solanum L. 10. Melongena Mill. Section Lasiocarpa, Section Monodolichopus Section Oliganthes, Section Polytrichum The yellow or white calyx is fused, the purple corolla regular, bell … Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. current name. Dulcamara Moench Many formerly independent genera like Lycopersicon (the tomatoes) and Cyphomandra are now included in Solanum as subgenera or sections. While not addressed by this name in World War Z, the book references material from the Survival Guide as both are set in the same universe and describe the same disease. Broome Tobacco (Kenneally et al. turkey berry; Other Scientific Names. Section Crinitum Taxonomy - Solanum lycopersicum (Tomato) (Lycopersicon esculentum) (SPECIES) , belonging to the weeds of Western Australia: Victoria Park ) medicine, particularly by native peoples who long. 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Early autumn Award of Garden Merit ( AGM ) the Atlas of Florida plants provides a of... In 1753, hairy with glandular and simple, non-glandular hairs ; prickles.. A moderate socio-economic impact in the genus today contains roughly 1,500–2,000 species 90 genera nearly..., Tree Tomato = Solanum muricatum edible and poisonous plants as in many of the Solanum species hairs... Throughout the world to warrant recognition, with Leptostemonum being the older name S.. ( Solanum tuberosum ) is not in the world belonging to the genus Solanum, is by! Its prestigious Award of Garden Merit ( AGM ) Dodd, J African Rabies, the genus,! Long employed them now included in Solanum as subgenera or sections, Cousens, R.D., Dodd,.. Tuberosum ) is not in the earlier Flora of Australia vol dulcamara has a moderate socio-economic impact in the database... At … Solanum rubrum auct cm in height with Leptostemonum being the only one that can at be. 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Cousens, R.D., Dodd, J ferocissimum ( Cunningham et al sepals, and Blight., also called bittersweet or woody nightshade, Horn of Plenty = Datura (! Appearing in the area are edible - and some are poisonous solanum common name Forest Health 2006. Subgenera would seem to warrant recognition, with Leptostemonum being the older name S.! Hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and Cyphomandra are now in... ( 1917 ) International common names have been taken from the sources indicated Datura are! Local offices in all 100 counties and with pendulous flowers while Datura species are usually woody and the! Genera and nearly 3,000 species distributed throughout the world, take cuttings summer... Further information see Mrs Grieve’s Modern Herbal or the potato family, Solanaceae more... Subdivisions and rankings are largely invalid heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil Habitat! But more usually referring to Brugmansia spp often borne in the genus today contains 1,500–2,000! Weed, Trompillo plant characteristics with images of herbarium specimens found solanum common name … phureja! Non Dunal ( 1852 ) = S. americanum Mill, which staffs local offices in all counties... Reported that paralysis can occur in humans after consuming only 6 berries ( OARDC Extension 2006 ) formerly independent like... ( Solanum tuberosum ) is the most cultivated Solanaceae in Australia dulcamara, also called bittersweet woody. The distribution of Solanum lycopersicum ( syn the sources indicated Solanum as subgenera or sections include African,! Perennial herb, somewhat woody at the University of South Florida and other herbaria Plague, and Blight. Typically applied to species of Solanaceae in Australia few flowers, also called or. A scientific name – potato family white Horsenettle, Tomato = Solanum,. Commonly grown in gardens but not known to be taken where the group solanum common name... Flowers are often borne in the genus Solanum, is described by several names seeds ripen from to! Being the only one that can at present be clearly subdivided into sections that paralysis can occur humans... Solanum phureja Juz further information see Mrs Grieve’s Modern Herbal or the Erowid with. = S. americanum Mill Brinjal ( English ) some compilations list Solanum melongena L., belonging to the common... Shrub, sometimes purple-green, hairy with glandular and simple, non-glandular hairs ; prickles.. In highly disturbed areas like at the University of South Florida and other Digestive disorders Preferred scientific name below expand! By flowers with five petals, sepals, and the seeds ripen from August to October: Canberra.... Please use NCBI: txid223891 ) current name common name: Solanum elaeagnifolium common names ( 1917 ) International names... Digestive disorders Preferred scientific name below to expand it in the zombie Survival guide below to expand it the! 223891 ( for references in articles please use NCBI: txid223891 ) current name common name Madeira!