2003), where it mediates efflux of a broad range of substrates into the interstitial space or blood vessels. Ingredients: ANTIMONY POTASSIUM TARTRATE 30[hp_X] Labeler: Hyland's NDC Code: 54973-2902. POINT, Stable
Antimony Potassium Tartrate, Powder , also called Tartar Emetic, is a poisonous efflorescent crystalline salt of sweetish metallic taste that was formerly used in medicine as an emetic and expectorant. for electoplating. This eating behavior, which is deep rooted, a part of culture and tradition for decades in endemic areas of O. viverrini, is not easy to change. Potassium antimonyl tartrate sesquihydrate, 99+% Show More Show Less: Safety and Handling GHS H Statement Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects. soluble in water; flame
DESCRIPTION & APPLICATIONS. Schistosomiasis prevalence in humans between 1984 and 2006 in Napu and Lindu Valleys, Central Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Repurposing existing drugs not only accelerates drug discovery but rapidly advances clinical therapeutic strategies. The higher occupational exposure is also borne out by the age distribution, which showed the prevalence to be consistently high among the adults compared with the younger age groups in all the regions. INFORMATION, GENERAL
In addition, pilot studies have shown that this approach does not have a significant impact on transmission. A WHO-assisted project, initiated in order to determine the baseline prevalence of schistosomiasis in the country from 2005 to 2007, marked the first time that a stratified two-step systematic cluster design was used for sampling in a prevalence study. Potassium Antimony Tartrate, … P. Jungsuwadee, M.E. With support from the World Bank, the National Schistosomiasis Control Service of the DoH was able to intensify case finding and treatment in all endemic areas in the country and managed to reduce national prevalence from more than 10% before 1990 to less than 5% after 1995. Intracellular accumulation of MRP1 was also observed in subcellular organelles, including endocytic vesicles (Almquist et al. Furman, in Encyclopedia of Food Safety, 2014. The drug still has some use as a diaphoretic or expectorant in certain cough syrups.
The color is …
Antimony can concentrate in lung tissue, the thyroid gland, the adrenal glands, the kidneys, and the liver. Figure 6.6. In male rats, 17.14 and 30.63 mg Sb/kg/day in drinking water reduced the water consumption by 20 to 30%, and a 10 to 40% reduction in water consumption was observed in female rats dosed with 5.1 to 30.63 mg Sb/kg/day. 58 / Monday, March 26, 2012 / Rules and Regulations . In the National Objectives for Health, which is a statement of the national goals for health of the Philippine Government, schistosomiasis was targeted for elimination as a public health problem in endemic areas over the next 4 years (Fig. Praziquantel is marketed under many brand names depending on the manufacturer, for example Biltricide and Droncid from Bayer for clinical and veterinary uses, respectively. 1995), and the baseline GSH export in Mrp1−/− mice stem cell is approximately one half of that observed in wild-type cells (Rappa et al. Chemotherapeutic treatment with praziquantel has proven very effective yielding efficacy of more than 90% in some cases. However, in 1994, prevalence increased to 5.4% from a low of 4.0%, coinciding with the end of PHDP support (Fig. Adverse effects are associated with therapeutic use and the accidental ingestion of pesticides. The kidney changes appeared a few hours after the administration and preceded changes in the liver (Franz, 1937). Control programmes evolved from these projects became integrated with existing health structures or functioned as independent bodies solely aimed at disease control. Thereafter, prevalence surveys became irregular and limited mostly to the highly endemic areas and in those provinces where research was being undertaken. NO. L-Antimony Potassium Tartrate-L189676-25g: Expected to arrive in 3-5 days price: ￥63.0: L-Antimony Potassium Tartrate-L189676-500g: Expected to arrive in 3-5 days price: ￥319.0: This combination does not exist. GHS P Statement IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or … Antimony is more readily absorbed through the respiratory tract. ANTIMONY POTASSIUM TARTRATE (TARTARIC ACID, ANTIMONY POTASSIUM SALT) New endemic foci have been discovered in the last 7 years. Although Abcc1−/− mice show no phenotype, it appears that highly proliferative cells such as Sertoli cells in the seminiferous tubules of testis, oropharyngeal mucosa, bone marrow cells, and urinary collecting tubules in kidney are adversely affected by cytotoxic drugs such as etoposide (Wijnholds et al. D-Antimony potassium tartrate. From a four-pronged approach that included treatment of cases, environmental sanitation, snail control, and health education intended to control transmission or eliminate schistosomiasis, the government adopted the more feasible objective of morbidity control through praziquantel-based chemotherapy supplemented by environmental sanitation, health education, and mollusciciding. Improved environmental hygiene was an essential component of the control programme but was difficult to sustain in a population no more than one-third of which had satisfactory latrines. The successful snail control approach used in P.R. In addition, pilot studies have shown that this approach does not have a significant impact on transmission. 6.7). Of the three largest islands, Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao, the latter showed the widest coverage of the disease at 60% compared with 45% in the Visayas and 37.5% in Luzon. 2004; Rappa et al. vaccination). Antimony potassium tartrate solid is a colorless crystalline solid or a white powder. , the data presented in NTP  consisted of identical APT dose levels, duration, test subjects, and methodology as those reported in Dieter et al. 2004), where its role is uncertain. C8H4O12Sb2K2. IDENTIFICATION, PHYSICAL
MSDS Name: Antimony potassium tartrate trihydrate Catalog Numbers: A867-250, A867-500 Synonyms: Antimonate(2)-, bis(mu-tartrato(4-))di-, dipotassium, trihydrate; Antimonyl potassium tartrate; Potassium antimonyl tartrate; Tartaric acid, antimony potassium salt. 77, No. This period marks the intensification of the control programme, which was sustained for several years by influx of external funds, particularly by loans from the World Bank. GSH appears to be a key factor that influences MRP1 ATP-dependent transport activity, either by its direct conjugation to the substrates or by binding to MRP1 and stimulating transport. 1997, 1998). Of the 27 antimony minerals, antimonite (Sb 2 S 3 ) has the greatest industrial importance. There were significant achievements but none sufficiently effective to significantly reduce the national prevalence of S. japonicum infection. Mean schistosomiasis prevalence in the Philippines from 1953 to 1997. Antimony and its compounds do not cause acute human health effects, with the exception of antimony potassium tartrate ("tartar emetic"), a prodrug that is intentionally used to treat leishmaniasis patients. MRP1 transports the GSH conjugate of HNE, and this conjugate retains some cytotoxicity, implying that its efflux serves to protect the cell (Renes et al. "Antimony Potassium Tartrate" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity. RITM contributed greatly in terms of policy formulation, which brought about a significant drop in prevalence and morbidity in many areas.  represent the same study. The doses and course duration depend on the disease stage and age and body weight of patients. For example, environmental manipulations such as drainage, stream canalization, and pond management in combination with molluscicides were used but found to be too expensive. Vore, in Comprehensive Toxicology, 2010. Body weight gain was significantly reduced in male mice dosed with 273 or 407 mg APT/kg/day (49.77 or 74.2 mg antimony/kg/day) and in females dosed with 74.2 mg antimony/kg/day for 8 days. Find here Antimony Potassium Tartrate, 28300-74-5 manufacturers, suppliers & exporters in India. No references were identified that would indicate whether NTP  and Dieter et al. The importance of effluxing GSH into the interstitium or blood vessels and whether this plays a role in protection against oxidative stress is not known. Carolyn A. Tylenda, ... Bruce A. Fowler, in Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals (Fourth Edition), 2015. Four people with involuntary intoxication of APT showed an absorption rate of 5%. Packaging. . Company Identification: Fisher Scientific One Reagent Lane Fair Lawn, NJ 07410 In Thailand, a control program was implemented via selective treatment approach as opposed to mass treatment. Constitutive ABCC1 is expressed predominantly in heart, skin, lung, brain capillary endothelial cells, and small intestine (Flens et al. Sunagawa (1981) gave rats 0.5-2% antimony and antimony trioxide in the diet.
The most impressive effect was in the first half of the 1990s and was attributed to the implementation of the Philippine Health Development Plan. Antimony potassium tartrate was once used as an emetic for treating patients poisoned by a wide variety of compounds. GENERIC NAME(S): Antimony Potassium Tartr(Bulk) Figure 6.6 shows the dramatic drop in disease prevalence in the 1980s. as well as an analytical reagent and a flux additive
Whereas 30.63 mg antimony/kg/day had no adverse effects on rats, mice that received 74.2 mg antimony/kg/day displayed treatment-related liver and forestomach lesions, dose-related increases in relative liver weight, and decreased body and organ weights. Increases in relative liver weight occurred in both male and female rats, while increases in relative kidney weight were observed in female rats in the 30.63 mg Sb/kg/day water ingestion dose group . These new endemic areas are found in Gonzaga, a municipality in Cagayan Valley located in the northernmost part of Luzon and in the municipality of Calatrava in Negros Occidental in the Visayas region. The higher GSH levels in Mrp1−/− mouse tissues appears to be associated with decreased GSH efflux, since γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase activity in Mrp1−/− mice is the same as in wild-type mice (Rappa et al. In this article, we identified potassium antimonyl tartrate (PAT), an antiparasitic drug, as a novel agent to block angiogenesis by screening US Food and Drug Administration–approved chemical drugs. Antimony Potassium Tartrate is
In some municipalities, prevalence was sharply reduced in just 3 years, that is, from a high of 42–50% prevalence to a plateau level of 10%, a level that has been maintained for 6 years, but the fear of resurgence is still there. With higher exposure, chest pain, bradycardia, hypotension, ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden death have been reported.80,81 Left ventricular systolic dysfunction after intravenous administration of trivalent antimony has been reported.82 Although the mechanism of antimony cardiotoxicity has not been completely elucidated, it is most likely the result of altered cardiac calcium channel excitability.83, S.C. Gad, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014. For example, environmental manipulations such as drainage, stream canalization, and pond management in combination with molluscicides were used but found to be too expensive. Absorption of all valent states of antimony in the GI tract is low with 5–20% absorption seen in animal studies. By province, Agusan del Sur, as in previous records, showed the highest prevalence at 4.0%, followed by Northern Samar at 2.5% and Eastern Samar at 1.8%.
Both forms are excreted in feces and urine, but generally, more trivalent compounds are excreted in urine and more pentavalent compounds in feces. The national survey showed that schistosomiasis occurs together with other helminthic infections, most importantly, soil-transmitted helminthiasis and also heterophyidiasis, taeniasis, and echinostomiasis, demonstrating that inadequate environmental sanitation facilitates transmission of schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiasis, and other coinfections. On the other hand, there is no difference between wild-type and Mrp1−/− mice in tumor incidence induced by chronic exposure to aflatoxin B1 (Lorico et al.
In the workplace, elemental antimony is used in the manufacture of semiconductors, infrared detectors, diodes, fire retardants, and plastics.78 The occurrence of antimony toxicity is related to (1) the form ingested, (2) the amount, and (3) the duration of use.79, Antimony toxicity is associated with electrocardiographic abnormalities, with QT interval prolongation, and with T-wave flattening or inversion appearing first. Hence, pilot projects were conducted with assistance from WHO and UNICEF and other foreign agencies. Figure 6.8. 28300-74-5 - WBTCZEPSIIFINA-MSFWTACDSA-J - Antimony potassium tartrate [USP] - Similar structures search, synonyms, formulas, resource links, and other chemical information. Antimony potassium tartrate hydrate is a compound used in the treatment of schistosomiasis. Ainsworth et al. Xiao-Nong Zhou, ... Remigio Olveda, in Advances in Parasitology, 2010. It is used in making insecticides
Accessed 2020-10 The chemical formula of Antimony Potassium Tartrate has evolved along with the progressing in structural analysis systems; it was orig inally known with the formula set out in Merck Index 8th edition,1968 and later with the currently worldwide accepted 2- antimony atom formula set out in Merck Index 11 th edition,1989. AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES, REFRACTIVE
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